Hui Shu Hua, Polyporus Frondosus, Grifola Frondosa, Maitake
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Common Name: Signorina Mushroom
Chinese Name: Hui Shu Hua 灰树花
Latin Name: Polyporus Frondosus
Other Name: Grifola Frondosa, Maitake, Hen Of The Woods, Hen-of-the-woods, Ram's Head, Sheep's Head, 贝叶多孔菌、栗子蘑、莲花菌、叶状奇果菌、千佛菌、云蕈、舞茸
Origin: Fujian, Guangxi, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Sichuan, Tibet, Yunnan, Zhejiang Province, China
Storage: Keep in cool, dry and no light place
More About This TCM (In English):
Grifola frondosa is a polypore mushroom that grows in clusters at the base of trees, particularly oaks. The mushroom is commonly known among English speakers as hen of the woods, hen-of-the-woods, ram's head and sheep's head. It is typically found in late summer to early autumn. In the United States' supplement market, as well as in Asian grocery stores, the mushroom is known by its Japanese name maitake (舞茸, "dancing mushroom").
The fungus is native to China, the northeastern part of Japan and North America, and is prized in traditional Chinese and Japanese herbology as a medicinal mushroom. It is widely eaten in Japan, and its popularity in western cuisine is growing, although the mushroom has been reported to cause allergic reactions in rare cases.
In 2009, a phase I/II human trial, conducted by Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center, showed maitake could stimulate the immune systems of breast cancer patients. Small experiments with human cancer patients have shown it can stimulate immune system cells, such as NK cells. In vitro research has also shown G. frondosa can stimulate immune system cells. An in vivo experiment showed that it could stimulate both the innate immune system and adaptive immune system.
In vitro research has shown maitake can induce apoptosis in various cancer cell lines, and inhibit the growth of various types of cancer cells. Small studies with human cancer patients revealed that a portion of this mushroom, known as the mitake D-fraction, possesses anticancer activity. In vitro research demonstrated the mushroom has potential antimetastatic properties.
Maitake has a hypoglycemic effect, and may be beneficial for the management of diabetes. It lowers blood sugar because the mushroom naturally contains an alpha glucosidase inhibitor. This species contains antioxidants and may partially inhibit the enzyme cyclooxygenase. An extract of maitake inhibited angiogenesis via inhibition of the vascular endothelial growth factor. Lys-N is a unique protease found in maitake. Lys-N is used for proteomics experiments because of its protein cleavage specificity.
Read More Info. About It (In Chinese 中文介绍):
灰树花，中药材名。本品为多孔菌科真菌贝叶多孔菌的子实体。拉丁植物名：Polyporus frondosus(Dicks.)Fr.[Boletus frondosus Dicks.]采收和储藏：春、秋季子实体成熟时采收，除去柄蒂部及杂物，晒干。
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