Ji Tui Gu, Coprinus Comatus, Shaggy Ink Cap, Lawyer's Wig
Buy Ji Tui Gu 鸡腿菇, Coprinus Comatus, Shaggy Ink Cap, Lawyer's Wig, Shaggy Mane, Copyinds Comatus Online. Shop The Best Quality TCM Herbal, Direct From Traditional Chinese Medicinal Herb Supplier, We Have Over 1000+ TCM Herbs, Any Question Just Feel Free To Conatct Us >> Welcome You!
Common Name: Coprinus Comatus
Chinese Name: Ji Tui Gu 鸡腿菇
Latin Name: Copyinds Comatus
Other Name: Shaggy Ink Cap, Lawyer's Wig, Shaggy Mane, 鸡腿蘑，刺毛菇, 毛头鬼伞, 毛鬼伞
Origin: Heilongjiang, Jilin, Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia Province, China
Storage: Keep in cool, dry and no light place
More About This TCM (In English):
Coprinus comatus, the shaggy ink cap, lawyer's wig, or shaggy mane, is a common fungus often seen growing on lawns, along gravel roads and waste areas. The young fruit bodies first appear as white cylinders emerging from the ground, then the bell-shaped caps open out. The caps are white, and covered with scales—this is the origin of the common names of the fungus. The gills beneath the cap are white, then pink, then turn black and secrete a black liquid filled with spores (hence the "ink cap" name). This mushroom is unusual because it will turn black and dissolve itself in a matter of hours after being picked or depositing spores.
When young it is an excellent edible mushroom provided that it is eaten soon after being collected (it keeps very badly because of the autodigestion of its gills and cap). If long-term storage is desired, microwaving, sauteing or simmering until limp will allow the mushrooms to be stored in a refrigerator for several days or frozen. Also, placing the mushrooms in a glass of ice water will delay the decomposition for a day or two so that one has time to incorporate them into a meal. Processing or icing must be done whether for eating or storage within four to six hours of harvest to prevent undesirable changes to the mushroom. The species is cultivated in China as food.
The shaggy ink cap is easily recognizable from its almost cylindrical cap which initially covers most of its stem. The cap is mostly white with shaggy scales, which are more pale brown at the apex. The free gills change rapidly from white to pink, then to black. It is deliquescent. The stipe has a loose ring and measures 10–40 centimetres (3.9–15.7 in) high by 1–2.5 centimetres (0.39–0.98 in) diameter. Microscopically it lacks pleurocystidia. The spore print is black-brown and the spores measure 10–13 by 6.5–8 µm. The flesh is white and the taste mild.
The young mushrooms, before the gills start to turn black, are edible. The taste is mild; cooking produces a large quantity of liquid. It can sometimes be used in mushroom soup with parasol mushroom. Large quantities of microwaved-then-frozen shaggy manes can be used as the liquid component of risotto, replacing the usual chicken stock.
Read More Info. About It (In Chinese 中文介绍):
子实体群生，少单生。菇蕾期菌盖圆柱形，连菌柄状似火鸡腿，故名鸡腿菇。高9一15 cm，后期菌盖呈钟形，最后展平。菌盖表面初期光滑，后期表皮裂开，成为平伏的鳞片，初期白色，中期淡锈色，后期色渐加深。菌肉白色，薄。菌柄白色，有丝状光泽，纤维质，长17一30 cm，粗1 ~2 5 cm，上细下粗。菌环白色，脆薄，可以上下移动，易脱落。菌褶密集，与菌柄离生，宽6一10 mm，白色，后变黑色。抱子黑色，光滑，椭圆形，12. 5～ 16μm× 7. 5～ 9μm,有囊状体。因其子实体未开伞时形似火鸡腿，肉质肉味似鸡丝故称鸡腿蘑，而因菌盖具反卷鳞片如肉刺，民间又有“刺蘑菇”之称谓。每100 g干菇中含粗蛋白25. 4 g,脂肪3. 3 g,总糖58. 8 g(其中无氮碳水化合物51. 5 g,纤维素7. 3 g,灰分12. 5 g。含有20种氨基酸(包括8种人体必须的氨基酸)。
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