Ji You Jun, Cantharellus Cibarius, Chanterelle, Wild Mushrooms
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Common Name: Chanterelle
Chinese Name: Ji You Jun 鸡油菌
Latin Name: Cantharellus Cibarius
Other Name: 鸡蛋黄菌、杏菌
Origin: Fujian, Hunan, Guangdong, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan Province, China
Storage: Keep in cool, dry and no light place
More About This TCM (In English):
Though records of chanterelles being eaten date back to the 16th century, they first gained widespread recognition as a culinary delicacy with the spreading influence of French cuisine in the 18th century, when they began appearing in palace kitchens. For many years, they remained notable for being served at the tables of nobility. Nowadays, the usage of chanterelles in the kitchen is common throughout Europe and North America. In 1836, the Swedish mycologist Elias Fries considered the chanterelle "as one of the most important and best edible mushrooms."
Chanterelles as a group are generally described as being rich in flavor, with a distinctive taste and aroma difficult to characterize. Some species have a fruity odor, others a more woody, earthy fragrance, and still others can even be considered spicy. The golden chanterelle is perhaps the most sought-after and flavorful chanterelle, and many chefs consider it on the same short list of gourmet fungi as truffles and morels. It therefore tends to command a high price in both restaurants and specialty stores.
There are many ways to cook chanterelles. Most of the flavorful compounds in chanterelles are fat-soluble, making them good mushrooms to sauté in butter, oil or cream. They also contain smaller amounts of water- and alcohol-soluble flavorings, which lend the mushrooms well to recipes involving wine or other cooking alcohols. Many popular methods of cooking chanterelles include them in sautés, soufflés, cream sauces, and soups. They are not typically eaten raw, as their rich and complex flavor is best released when cooked.
Chanterelles are also well-suited for drying, and tend to maintain their aroma and consistency quite well. Some chefs profess that reconstituted chanterelles are actually superior in flavor to fresh ones, though they lose in texture whatever they gain in flavor by becoming more chewy after being preserved by drying. Dried chanterelles can also be crushed into flour and used in seasoning in soups or sauces. Chanterelles are also suitable for freezing, though older frozen chanterelles can often develop a slightly bitter taste after thawing.
In the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan, it is known as Sisi Shamu and is generally picked from the forests. During the season, it is cooked with cheese and chillies or cooked with meat.
Read More Info. About It (In Chinese 中文介绍):
鸡油菌，中药材名。本品为真菌类担子菌纲多孔菌目喇叭菌科鸡油菌Cantharellus cibarius Fr.，以子实体入药。子实体肉质，呈喇叭形，杏黄色或蛋黄色。菌盖直径3-9cm，边缘波状或瓣裂，内卷。菌肉蛋黄色。菌褶窄而厚，交织面网棱状，并下延至柄部。菌柄杏黄色，长2-8cm，直径0.5-1.8cm，光滑，内实。气微，味淡。
论鸡油菌用前须炮炙及验毒兰茂：“(黄菌)虽能温中健胃，但湿气居多，食之往往令人气胀。欲食者，须以姜同炙之，方能解其湿气。世人多以大蒜同煮，以为有毒蒜黑，不知蒜见毒未必即黑，姜见毒则必黑，何若以姜验之为愈也。”(《滇南本草》)附注：作鸡油菌入药的尚有同属真菌小鸡油菌 Cantharel-lus minor Peck.菌盖直径1-3m，孢子稍小，菌柄长1-2m，中空。分布于福建、湖南、广东、四川、贵州、云南等地。
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