Yang Du Jun, Morel, Rare Morel, Morchella Vulgaris
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Common Name: Morel
Chinese Name: Yang Du Jun 羊肚菌
Latin Name: Morchella Esculenta
Other Name: Morchella Vulgaris, Morchella Angusticeps, Morchella Conica, Morchella Crassipes, Morchella Deliciosa, 羊肚菜、羊肚蘑、编笠菌
Origin: Gansu, Hebei, Jilin, Jiangsu, Qinghai, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan Province, China
Storage: Keep in cool, dry and no light place
More About This TCM (In English):
For mushroom hunters in the temperate regions of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, nothing signifies the beginning of spring more than the first appearance of morel mushrooms (Morchella spp.). These organisms are arguably considered among the most prized edible fungi on the planet, and it’s not uncommon to see them fetching a price of a few hundred dollars per dried pound in the market.
While most morel enthusiasts cherish this particular mushroom for its exceptional taste and culinary applicability, less attention is given to its physiological effects on the body. This is unfortunate, because, like many members of the fungal kingdom, morel mushrooms possess important nutritional and medicinal properties that can play key roles in optimizing the health of those who consume them.
Mushrooms exposed to sunlight or UV radiation are great sources of dietary vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol). While most vitamin D supplements contain D3 (cholecalciferol), dietary D2 from mushrooms has been shown to be as effective as vitamin D2 and D3 supplements in raising and maintaining 25(OH)D levels. Morel mushrooms contain approximately 206 IUs of vitamin D2 per 100 grams of fresh material.
Protection against drug side effects
Research shows, that an aqueous-ethanol (water and alcohol) extract from cultivated morel mycelium has the remarkable ability to enhance the internal antioxidant defense system, thereby protecting against toxicity caused by the chemotherapy and antibiotic drugs.
Studies have shown that extracts from morel mycelium are effective in combating oxidation. This is primarily accomplished through the scavenging of damaging molecules known as reactive oxygen species (ROS), including the superoxide, hydroxyl, and nitric oxide radicals. Antioxidants from morel mushrooms have also been shown to inhibit lipid peroxidation – a process involving tissue damage which, if left unchecked, can lead to inflammation and cancer.
When supplied with an extract of morel mycelium, protection is provided against liver damage, and antioxidant reserves can be restored. This suggests that morel mushroom mycelium may provide therapeutic use as a liver-protecting agent.
Immune system activity
A 2002 study analyzed the immuno-stimulatory property of a unique polysaccharide isolated from the morel mushroom. Known as galactomannan, this compound comprises 2.0% of the dry fungal material, and may work on both innate immunity and adaptive immunity by enhancing macrophage activity.
Read More Info. About It (In Chinese 中文介绍):
羊肚菌，中药名。为羊肚菌科真菌羊肚菌Morchella esculenta(L.)Pers.、小顶羊肚菌Morchella angusticeps Peck.、尖顶羊肚菌Morchella conica Pers.、粗柄羊肚菌Morchella crassipes(Vent.)Pers.、小羊肚菌Morchella deliciosa Fr.等的子实体。
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